Cerebral Palsy. Many people with cerebral palsy also have a learning disability. It is a physical condition that affects the persons movement and control of their body. It is caused by a part of the brain that has not developed properly either before birth or during early childhood. There are several different types of cerebral palsy, depending on which parts of the brain have been damaged. Some people are severely affected, while in others it is barely noticeable.
Epilepsy. Epilepsy is one of the most common conditions affecting the brain. It is not a learning disability but 30% of people with a learning disability also have epilepsy. People with epilepsy have seizures when the way their brain works becomes disrupted. Most seizures are sudden and short-lived, lasting a matter of seconds or minutes. They are not dangerous to the person having them.
Autism. Both Autism and Aspergers syndrome are part of a range of disorders that cause communication and emotional problems. This touches the lives of some 500,000 families in the UK. The characteristics of the condition vary from one person to another. It is a lifelong disability that relates to people and the world around them. People with autism often have a learning disability, and have difficulty forming relationships with other people, communicating and understanding what other people are trying to communicate and using their imagination.
As with a learning disability, people can have mild, moderate or severe autism. Some people will be able to live fairly independently with little support while others may require lifelong, specialist support. However, with the right sort of support all people with autism can, and do, learn and develop.